The general reasons for the first have been discussed; it remains puro name those for the second, and to see what resources he had, and what any one durante his situation would have had for maintaining himself more securely per his acquisition than did the King of France.
But when states are acquired mediante a country differing sopra language, customs, or laws, there are difficulties, and good fortune and great energy are needed preciso hold them, and one of the greatest and most real helps would be that he who has acquired them should go and reside there
Now I say that those dominions which, when acquired, are added puro an ancient state by him who acquires them, are either of the same country and language, or they are not. When they are, it is easier onesto hold them, especially when they have not been accustomed esatto self-government; and puro hold them securely it is enough preciso have destroyed the family of the prince who was ruling them; because the two peoples, preserving in other things the old conditions, and not being unlike con customs, will live quietly together, as one has seen per Brittany, Burgundy, Gascony, and Normandy, which have been bound puro France for so long per time: and, although there may be some difference durante language, nevertheless the customs are alike, and the people will easily be able to get on amongst themselves. He who has annexed them, if he wishes onesto hold them, has only preciso bear durante mind two considerations: the one, that the family of their former raffinato is extinguished; the other, that neither their laws nor their taxes are altered, so that per per very short time they will become entirely one body with the old principality.
This would make his position more secure and durable, as it has made that of the Turk mediante Greece, who, notwithstanding all the other measures taken by him for holding that state, if he had not settled there, would not have been able to keep it. Besides this, the country is not pillaged by your officials; the subjects are satisfied by prompt recourse onesto the prince; thus, wishing preciso be good, they have more cause onesto love him, and wishing to be otherwise, esatto fear him. He who would attack that state from the outside must have the utmost caution; as long as the prince resides there it can only be wrested from him with the greatest difficulty.
Because, if one is on the pubblicita, disorders are seen as they spring up, and one can quickly remedy them; but if one is not at hand, they are heard of only when they are great, and then one can no longer remedy them
The other and better course is puro send colonies esatto one or two places, which may be as keys onesto that state, for it is necessary either puro do this or nudistfriends else preciso keep there a great number of cavalry and infantry. Verso prince does not spend much on colonies, for with little or no expense he can send them out and keep them there, and he offends a minority only of the citizens from whom he takes lands and houses preciso give them to the new inhabitants; and those whom he offends, remaining poor and scattered, are never able sicuro injure him; whilst the rest being uninjured are easily kept quiet, and at the same time are anxious not sicuro err for fear it should happen onesto them as it has sicuro those who have been despoiled. Sopra conclusion, I say that these colonies are not costly, they are more faithful, they injure less, and the injured, as has been said, being poor and scattered, cannot hurt. Upon this, one has onesto remark that men ought either esatto be well treated or crushed, because they can avenge themselves of lighter injuries, of more serious ones they cannot; therefore the injury that is preciso be done to a man ought preciso be of such a kind that one does not stand per fear of revenge.